Saturday, 3 December 2011

Lecture Six - Italian Vernacular Cinema.

Italian Cinema
  • Audiences.
    • Prima visione and seconda visione - cinemas that attracted a middle class sophisticated audience usually in major cities, audience selected a film to watch.
    • Tera visone - less populated areas, cheaper tickets, audience went to cinema based on habit rather than selecting a film. Films were more formulaic and popular films. More like a television audience.
  • Historical and social context.
    • Italian working classes in the 1970's would go to the cinema every night so the Italian film industry needed a lot of films.
    • Conventions of film watching are different. People may talk, drink and eat during the film. People enter the cinema at beginning, half way through, near the end.
    • Cinema is a very social space.
    • In some churches mass was conducted in a similar way.
  • Economics.

  • Taken seriously as an auteur.
  • Comments on the superficiality of middle class existence.
  • Films are associated with style and sophistication.
  • Seen as worthy of critical appraisal.
  • Similar to the term genre but not quite.
  • Based on the idea of geology - layers of veins within a larger layer.
  • Examples of filone:
    • Giallo - based on detective novels. Italian for 'yellow' and stems from the series of cheap paperback crime and mystery novels with trademark yellow covers.
    • Spaghetti Westerns.
    • Mondo/Canibal film.
    • Poliziottesco - police proceduaral.

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